ALLERGY TO TITANIUM IN DENTAL IMPLANTS

Allergy to titanium in dentistry is more common than we imagine, affecting between 10 and 15% of the population. Thanks to The Melisa test, we can discover the existence of allergy to different metals.

Titanium material is used in oral implantology par excellence. Allergy to Titanium does not manifest easily in the mouth, because of the placement into oral cavity, very difficult to detect. Dental implant is embedded into the bone and usually isolated from this by a layer of hydroxyapatite. The part which comes into contact with the peri-implant bed or with oral mucosa is passivated by a barrier of glycoproteins salivary. The oral mucosa is much more resistant to antigenic stimulation to skin.

Allergy to Titanium in the human body is reflected with symptoms such as: dermatitis, urticaria, vasculitis, specific immune suppression (Hallab 2001), chronic fatigue syndrome (Stejskall 1998).

Thanks to the MELISA test, allergy to metals can be detected. This test is the rigorous scientifically for this purpose. The test is carried out with a blood sample which measures the hypersensitivity to metals and other allergens. The results show the metal or metals that cause the allergy measuring the severity of the reaction according to a stimulation index (SI).

Chronic exposure to metals: jewelry, dental implants or dental restorations, cosmetic, orthopedic prostheses and even coins, can sensitize individuals genetically predisposed, and induce hypersensitivity reaction called type IV. Vaccines, tattoos or piercing also contain metals which can affect health in the case of allergy.

For this reason,  people who have dental fillings with amalgam, dental implants, bridges, people with metal prostheses, plates or screws of Traumatology intervention, tattoos or piercings and they  have  health disorders not related to a classic syndrome, can suspect about  allergy to metals  and  could justify to apply the Melisa Test. After removing metal fillings or agents metal inducing allergy to metals, the symptoms suffered by this cause decrease significantly in the majority of patients.

The titanium in the human body can develop an antigen type I and IV, and the existence of allergy to metals can aggravate illnesses such as fibromyalgia and multiple sclerosis, among others.


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